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Subota, 01 Maj 2021 10:13

Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix is a symbol of the French Republic Istaknut

Eugène Delacroix, the greatest French Romantic painter painted the monumental canvas Liberty Leading the People during the July Revolution of 1830. in Paris that removed Charles X, the restored Bourbon king, from the throne after the fall of Napoleon. This painting is seen as a marker to the end of the Age of Enlightenment and the start of the Romantic Era. The work was exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1831 under the title Scènes de Barricades. It was quickly bought for three thousand francs by Louis-Philippe and exhibited in the Musée de Luxembourg. Seven years after the death of Eugène Delacroix in 1874, it was given to the Louvre, where it has stayed ever since.

Eugène Delacroix painted Liberty Leading the People to voice his support for the cause, commemorate those who risked their lives during the July Revolution, honor France. The theme of the painting is one episode from the barricades, raised to symbols. Eugène Delacroix revealed: "I have undertaken a modern subject, a barricade, and although I may not have fought for my country, at least I shall have painted for her. It has restored my good spirits."

At the center of the painting Liberty Leading the People is a half-nude female figure who is a personification of the struggle for freedom liberty, capturing the excitement and energy of the event. On her head, she wears the red cap, which was popularized during the French Revolution and derived from the ancient Roman Phrygian cap, the emblem of freed slaves. Her yellow dress has fallen from her shoulders, as she holds a bayonetted musket in her left hand and raises the French Tricolor flag with her right. She is climbing over a barricade and the bodies of the fallen and leading her people. The dead bodies of soldiers and citizens on the ground represent the terrible costs of the revolution. One wearied fighter looks up hopefully at her, a male in a nightshirt and nude from the waist down lies at the bottom left corner, member of the royal army, recognizable by his blue coat and epaulets, lies next to a fallen comrade in the other corner. The fighters representing the different types of people who took part in the revolution. The rebels are from a mixture of social classes and largely identifiable by their clothes and weaponry. For instance, to the left is a member of the bourgeoisie armed with a hunting shotgun identified by his top hat, cravat, and tailored black coat (in which some see a self-portrait of Delacroix, but there is serious doubt about this claim), the man waving a saber behind him is a factory worker; a young boy to the right, marked as a student by his faluche, a black velvet beret, shouts a rallying call as he brandishes a pistol in each hand, the man on his knees, who sports the three colors is a worker from the countryside, probably a builder. The silhouette with the two iconic towers of the Notre Dame Cathedral is visible in the background.

Canvas composition is in the shape of a pyramid. It contains and balances the painter's impetuous brushstrokes and creates a striking lighting effect. The composition is also characterized by Delacroix's skillful use of color which represents France and the Revolution. The bright red, white, and blue of the flag are at the center of the canvas. This same color scheme just below the flag on the clothing of the man reaching for Liberty, while the overall grey tone of the canvas accentuates the red of the flag. Light, dark and shaded surfaces suggest depth and a complete illusion of space.

Pročitano 216 puta Poslednji put izmenjeno Četvrtak, 20 Maj 2021 11:50

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