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Petak, 14 Maj 2021 11:32

Honoré Daumier was partial to the theme of travel and public transportation Istaknut

The Third-Class Carriage by Honoré Daumier, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco The Third-Class Carriage by Honoré Daumier, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco

A French painter, sculptor, printmaker, newspaper caricaturist, and political satirist Honoré Daumier lived in Paris during troubled political times (the revolutions of 1830 and 1848) and during a time of rapid industrialization and much social unrest. His interest in the French railroad system was based on the fact that this new means of transportation changed the way to move around Paris and the surrounding cities in a dramatic way. Daumier, who also struggled with unemployment at some point in his life, sympathized with the working class and saw them as fellow passengers.

Honoré Daumier had drawn and painted images of rail travel since the 1840s, focussing on the people traveling. His numerous paintings of First, Second, and Third-Class Carriages are realistic observations of the public experiencing this new means of transportation. Pieces of The First-Class Carriage depict the highest social class through a rosy painting and show distance physically and emotionally between the passengers. The Second-Class Carriage contains middle-class passengers with the overall painting being brighter and more spacious and people in this have more control over their destinies by painting the passengers closer to the window. The Third-Class Carriage depicts in dull color a quality of life people that were beginning to disappear through the industrial revolution.

Daumier's series of lithographs, The railway was published in the French magazine Le Charivari from 1843 to 1858, including prints published in December 1856 with the captions Travellers showing less and less appreciation for traveling in third-class in the winter and Interior of a third-class railway carriage in winter.

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