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Petak, 06 Avgust 2021 11:01

Stéphane Mallarmé's symbolist poetry anticipated and inspired Cubism Istaknut

The Mallarmé Suite by Ellsworth Kelly The Mallarmé Suite by Ellsworth Kelly

Symbolist poetry of French poet and critic Stéphane Mallarmé anticipated and inspired artistic schools of the early 20th century like Cubism, Surrealism, Futurism, and Dadaism. The idea of poetry as evocative, derived from the world of ideas, philosophy, and arguably, from the poets own drive to create something original from the depth of their being. Stéphane Mallarmé said: “The art of evoking an object little by little so as to reveal a mood or, conversely, the art of choosing an object and extracting from it an ‘etat dame’” -- a state of the soul.

Cubism is an art school in which the subject matter is portrayed by geometric forms without realistic detail, stressing abstract form at the expense of other pictorial elements largely by the use of intersecting often-transparent cubes and cones. It radically reimagined the social nature of language, following the utopian poetic vision of Stéphane Mallarmé.

A mandolin is a common object in Cubism in general and it is thought that this influence largely stems from Stéphane Mallarmé. In his poetry, the mandolin was a symbol with the most preferred and multiple metaphors. Because it was able to produce music, and its surface was regarded as the symbol of art creation. Meanwhile, because its shape was like a woman's womb, it was regarded as a kind of similar hint.

For the Cubists, the effect of Stéphane Mallarmé was more of the artistic skills of decomposition and reconstruction in poem creation, than the choice of subject as the instrument. The cubist artists decomposed the objective images and reorganize the separated fragmented objects, whose several sides were seen simultaneously.

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